Communiqué of the 1120th meeting of the PSC, on the Briefing on the Agreement for Lasting Peace through Permanent Cessation of Hostilities between the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF)

The Peace and Security Council,

Recalling Communique [PSC/PR/COMM.1097 (2022)] adopted at its 1097th meeting held on 4 August 2022 and Press Statement [PSC/PR/PS.1115 (2022)] adopted at its 1115th meeting held on 21 October 2022, respectively, on the situation in the Horn of Africa and the AU-led Peace Process for Ethiopia;

Determined to ensure the effectiveness of African solutions to African problems and to silence the guns in Africa by the Year 2030, in order to create conducive conditions for the realization of the aspirations of AU Agenda 2063;

Reaffirming the unwavering commitment of the AU to fully respect the sovereignty, territorial integrity and national unity of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, in line with the AU Constitutive Act; as well as to support all efforts aimed at restoring durable peace, security and stability in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa region as a whole;

Noting the opening remarks made by H.E. Ambassador Emilia Ndinelao Mkusa, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Namibia to the Africa Union and Chairperson of the PSC for November 2022, and the statements by H.E. Ambassador Bankole Adeoye, Commissioner for Political Affairs, Peace and Security; H.E. Olusegun Obasanjo, former President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and AU High Representative for the Horn of Africa; Ms. Nardos Ayalew Belay, Acting Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to the AU, as well as the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD); and

Acting under Article 7 of its Protocol, the Peace and Security Council:

  1. Welcomes the signing, on 2 November 2022, in Pretoria, South Africa, of the Agreement for Lasting Peace through a Permanent Cessation of Hostilities between the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), which marks a landmark towards silencing the guns in Ethiopia and Africa in general;
  2. Congratulates the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the TPLF for placing the supreme interests of Ethiopia and its people, above all else by giving peace a chance;
  3. Endorses the Agreement for Lasting Peace through a Permanent Cessation of Hostilities between the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front and strongly urges the signatory Parties to honor and fully implement the Agreement in its spirit and letter, while welcoming commitment of the two parties to implement in good faith the Agreement, in line with Article 12 of the Agreement;
  4. Appeals to all AU Member States, IGAD, as well as the bilateral and international partners to support the implementation of the Agreement through the AU-led peace process;
  5. Specially commends the High-Level Panel under the leadership of H.E. Olusegun Obasanjo, AU High Representative for the Horn of Africa, along with H.E. Uhuru Kenyatta, former President of the Republic of Kenya and H.E. Dr. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, former Deputy President of the Republic of South Africa and Member, AU Panel of the Wise, for their tireless efforts in facilitating the negotiations that culminated in the signing of the Agreement, and re-affirms the commitment of Council to continue to support the efforts of the Panel;
  6. Expresses sincere gratitude to the Government and People of the Republic of South Africa for successfully hosting the AU-led Peace Talks, through H.E. President Cyril Ramaphosa, who rendered strong political encouragement and support for the process and the South African Department of International Relations and Cooperation;
  7. Applauds the senior leadership of the AU Commission, particularly H.E. Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairperson of the Commission, for the commitment to the launch of the peace process and the deployment of the requisite technical capacity and financial resources, which contributed significantly to the signing of the Agreement; in this regard, expresses profound appreciation to the African Development Bank (AfDB) for its financial and logistics support to the AU Commission, the High-Level Panel and the entire peace process;
  8. Commends the support of IGAD the United Nations and United States of America, as Observers to the AU-convened peace talks in Pretoria and the continuous supporting role of the European Union, while encouraging them and other bilateral and multilateral partners to scale up support for the full implementation of the Agreement under the auspices of the AU;
  9. Welcomes with satisfaction, the steps already being taken by both parties in implementation of the Agreement, including the convening of first meeting of senior military commanders, in Nairobi, Kenya on the implementation of Article 6 of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement, and in this context, expresses gratitude to the Government of the Republic of Kenya for hosting the meeting;
  10. Takes note of the dire humanitarian situation in the northern part of Ethiopia and encourages the parties to facilitate the immediate delivery of humanitarian relief to the population in need, and strongly appeals to all Member States and the international community to provide humanitarian support to the affected population;
  11. Strongly urges all external actors to fully respect the sovereignty, political independence, national unity and territorial integrity of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia;
  12. Requests the AU Commission to provide regular briefings to Council on the status of the implementation of the Agreement;


Source: African Union

Ethiopia, Mexico to Deepen Economic, Political, Social Ties

Ethiopia and Mexico are looking forward to deepen their economic, political and social ties as an exhibition depicting the 73-year old diplomatic relations of the two nations opened on Thursday in Addis Ababa.

The photo exhibition was organized by the Embassy of Mexico in Addis Ababa in collaboration with Dashen Bank.

It was indicated during the occasion that the longstanding friendship between the two nations goes back to 1936 when Mexico strongly condemned the Italian invasion of Ethiopia and supported its independence and status as a member of the League of Nations.

Later, Ethiopia was the first country with which Mexico established diplomatic relations on 1 of November 1949.

In appreciation of Mexico’s support, Emperor Hailesilassie paid a state visit to this country on 20-24 June 1954. In fact, he was one of the first African leaders to visit Mexico.

Addressing the occasion, Mexico’s Ambassador to Ethiopia, Victor Trevino said the visit of Haile Silassie to Mexico sometimes seen as the most iconic episode in Mexico-Ethiopia relations.

“of course, he remind us the origin of our diplomatic ties and the beginning of our history and friendship”.

“Today, as we commemorate the 73 anniversary of diplomatic relations between our countries, our nations are looking forward to deepen the economic, politic and social links”.

With regard to global affairs, Mexico and Ethiopia work together to uphold the value of multilateralism and international cooperation, he pointed out. Similarly, Director of Latin America and Caribbean countries at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Bekuma Merdasa praised the firm stand of Mexico and its support to Ethiopia during the Italian invasion.

Citing that Mexico was one of the six member states at the League of Nations that condemned the Italian invasion and stood with Ethiopia, he said “We never forget that committed support in defense of our independence.”

Hosting the photo exhibition, Asfaw Alemu CEO of Dashen Bank said for his part that the historic ties between the two countries that dated back to 1949.

Ethiopia was the first country that established diplomatic ties with Mexico.

Stating that Dashen Bank has organized the exhibition as part of its corporate social responsibility activities, he said “As Dashen Bank it is our great delight to be part of today’s program and got the opportunity to host this historic photograph exhibition to be remain open to the public for the next one month.”


Source: Ethiopia News Agency

Fuel Subsidy Revision Pushes Down Monthly Gov’t Loss from 10 to 4 Billion Birr

The revision made on fuel subsidy by the government has reduced its monthly loss from 10 billion to 4 billion Birr, Petroleum and Energy Authority disclosed.

Authority Director-General, Sahrelah Abdulahi told ENA that the revision carried out three months ago on fuel subsidy on targeted transport sectors has reduced monthly expenses of the government from 10 billion Birr to 4 billion Birr.

The debt or loss due to fuel subsidy has so far reached 171 billion Birr, she said, adding that the measures being taken would however gradually ease the debt.

According to Director General, the nation has also secured 5 billion Birr over the past three months from value added tax levied on fuel stations.

The Government of Ethiopia is going to enact policy incentives to allow the import of electric vehicles with a view to reducing the huge foreign currency expenses to purchase fuel, the director-general stated.

The government is still subsidizing fuel as per the international fuel market price since the price of fuel in the country would have been Birr 81 for naphtha and Birr 66 for benzine per liter if the country applies the current international market.


Source: Ethiopia News Agency

Minister Stresses Need for Coordination among Relevant Stakeholders in Manufacturing Sector

Industry Minister Melaku Alebel said his ministry will strengthen coordination among relevant government bodies and stakeholders to create a better environment for the manufacturing sector.

The ministry organized today a discussion with the relevant government offices to assess the “Let Ethiopia Produce” movement launched last Ethiopian budget year to support the manufacturing sector.

Speaking on the occasion, the minister said the movement has registered results and among the achievements include addressing bottlenecks and infrastructure issues and bringing closed industries back to work.

In this regard, some 179 closed industries have started production following the launching of the movement.

The ministry has succeeded in substituting imports worth 2 billion USD during the budget year, it was learned.

“Let Ethiopia Produce” movement has motivated the manufacturing sector and investment was attracted to the sector, the minister added.

However, although the movement has helped solve several problems within a few months, strengthening coordination between government actors is vital to address the remaining problems in the manufacturing sector, Melaku stressed.

Due to underemployment of the manufacturing sector, its share of the GDP is limited and the number of jobs created last Ethiopian year was just 255,000.

He underlined the need for increase coordinated approach with federal, regional and city administrations as well as relevant stakeholders.

Melaku noted that there are many attractive conditions in Ethiopia in the agriculture, tourism, mining and information technology sectors.

In the one-day discussion, parliament representatives, federal, regional states and city administrations and stakeholders have taken part.

The participants have expressed their readiness to coordinate efforts to address the issues in the manufacturing sector.


Source: Ethiopia News Agency

Need for Reliable, Timely Data on Agriculture Underscored to Carry Out Evidence-based Policy Decisions

Planning and Development Minister Fisum Assefa (Phd) stressed today the need for producing reliable and timely data on agriculture by using statistically sound methodology in order to carry out evidence-based policy decisions.

The minister made the remark at the event organized to commemorate the African Statistics Day in Addis Ababa.

The theme of this year’s African Statistics Day is “strengthening data systems by modernizing the production and use of agricultural statistics: informing policies with a view to improving resilience in agriculture, nutrition, and food security in Africa.”

The theme calls to modernize data systems for the production, dissemination, and use of agricultural statistics.

Fisum said during the occasion that for a country like Ethiopia where agriculture is the main stay of the economy, strengthening of data system on statistics in agricultural production, marketing as well as establishing strong data system across the entire agricultural value chain is very crucial to ensure resilience food security in the country, among others.

“While its share from the national economy continued to decline over the years, agriculture still plays a crucial role in Ethiopia’s economy. For instance, during the 2021/22 fiscal year, agriculture’s share from the total merchandizing export was close to 72 percent. In terms of employment, agriculture remains the single biggest source of employment in the country. Despite its significant role in the economy, agriculture in Ethiopia remains underdeveloped.”

According to her, high quality statistics on agriculture plays indispensable role in order to address the structural challenges the country faces in the sector.

“Reliable and timely data on agriculture through implementing statistically sound methodology is vital in order to carry out evidence-based policy decisions.”

She further underlined the importance of strengthened data system if Ethiopia is to achieve the ambitious target set out in the country’s ten-year development plan not only in agriculture but also in other productive sectors, including manufacturing and mining.

Africa Centre for Statistics Director, Oliver Chinganya pointed out that for the 2063 development agenda of the African continent to be successfully implemented, the use of large amount of statistical data is key.

He stressed the need for better understanding of these challenges and opportunities involved in achieving all the sustainable goals as their targets require high quality statistical data and analysis to informed decision making and policy design.

Ethiopian Central Statistical Service of Ethiopia Director-General, Beker Shale (Phd) said on his part that using statistical data is crucially important for the effective implementation of agricultural development activities in order to help ensure food self-sufficiency.


Source: Ethiopia News Agency

Institute of Ethiopian Studies Receives various Artefacts from Individuals

The various artefacts in the hands of individuals have been given to the Institute of Ethiopian Studies (IES) today.

The artefacts include old aged materials that were used to be owned by Ethiopian patriots who fought in resistance of the invasion of Italian forces.

IES, which is under the Addis Ababa University, has received the artifacts that were in the hands of individuals, it was indicated.

The director of the  institute, Takele Mered received the artifacts.

The artefacts include the medal of Ras Abebe Aregai, an Ethiopian commander who led a group of resistance fighters collectively known as the Arbegnoch  (patriots) during the Italy occupation. The soft copy chronicle of his war patriotism was also among the artifacts.

A 17th-century painting was also contributed by Professor Richard Pankhurst, who was a British-Ethiopian scholar, founding member of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies, and former professor at the University of Addis Ababa in Ethiopia.

Similarly, an 18th-century manuscript was given by Professor James McCann.

It was stated in the handover ceremony, the chronicle from the French national library prepared by soft copy is a special book that shows the history of kings and the ecclesiastical system of Ethiopia in the 18th century.

Dr. Takele Merd, director of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies, appreciated those who gave the gift of heritage as it is priceless and a lot to the institute. The artefacts have contributed greatly to future research activities, the director pointed out.

Noting that there are artifacts containing great histories in the hands of various individuals, he urged that both individuals and institutions should fulfill their historical responsibility by handing over the artifacts to museums for their safety.



Source: Ethiopia News Agency

The Government of Ethiopia Remains Committed to the Full Implementation of the Peace Agreement

It is to be recalled that the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) signed a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CoHA) in South Africa with the view to putting an end to the two-year long conflict in Northern Ethiopia.

The African Union Commission Chairperson is to be commended for his visionary leadership in playing an instrumental role in the peace process, thereby fulfilling the union’s motto: “African Solutions to African problems.” The AU will continue to play an important role in the implementation of the Agreement through the High-level Panel and through African experts to monitor the cessation of hostilities.

There has been an outcry from some quarters both from at home and abroad, doubting the execution of the peace agreement. Regardless, the Government of Ethiopia remains committed to ensuring the full implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CoHA) in a bid to give peace a chance.

As Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has recently noted, the Government of Ethiopia should be judged not by series of conspiracy theories and rumours but in the demonstration of its commitment to fulfil its promises of implementing the peace agreement.


Source: United Nations