Mogadishu Govt and the Duo Mandate of Damul Jadiid Cult – a New Formula of Desolation to Somalia’s Peace

For just about two decades and plus years, the people of Somalia have been lacking a functioning and essential ingredient of government in its true sense, and there have been disastrous battles amongst opponent militias inside the country in order to expand and remain in command of the Somalia nation at large.

In 2006, the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC), a dominant clan overthrew the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia and later become in charge of Mogadishu and its immediate vicinity. In December 2006, Ethiopia got involved militarily and done away with the UIC and reinstalled back the internationally recognized TFG led by His Excellency the late President Abdullah Yusuf. The African Union also contributed to the peacekeeping endeavors by sending troops into Somalia under the patronage of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).

Notwithstanding the hard working effort of Ethiopian troops as well as the other African Union Mission still an unavoidable challenges hold back chances of having a capable and functioning national government in Somalia. One of the principal impediment to the stabilization of the nation is the terrorist organization called Al-Shabaab, the affiliate of Al-Qaeda and other invisible feeder organizations together made constant insurgency against what they identify as the “western imposed” Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia, this is according to Daniels, Christopher L.

The emerging phenomenon that combines religion, politics and business in the Muslim world which recently turned to be an exceedingly challenging race whereby some named it Islamic fundamentalism, others regard it Islamic-Fascism was considered by many political scientists and romanticists as part of the New World Order challenges.

Thus, many oligarchs-the leftists of the political spectrum in Somalia-regarded this radical phenomenal change both at regional and global level as ideal and impressive. They felt to initiate Islamic movement for two reasons as part of the duo mandate first to protect their powerful entrepreneurial activities mainly dominated clans in Mogadishu particularly who see stable modern state as a “bad omen to big business success”, secondly, to create political leadership in Somalia using extreme Islamic teaching in order to control the situation and bring peace and instability which every Somali wanted to see it happening. Later, the oligarchs organized themselves to form an umbrella called Union of Islamic Courts.

This was followed by the recruitment of large number of mostly invisible armed forces, which later emerged as powerful and uncompromising force that confront warlords and their fragmented militias. The Union of Islamic Courts at face-value was seen as one cult, but in essence they were a composition of assortments loyal to diametric divergences of Islamic school of thoughts. The two most important tip of reference or orientation of Islamic awakening in Somalia was the Muslim Brotherhood an affiliate to Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt (Ikwan) while the other one iswas Islaah. The later organization was disbanded in 1997. At the moment, the Al-Itisam Al-Islamia represents the Salafi school of thought in Somalia. ‘

Although, there are other groups still in Mogadishu and its environs that follow Salafi directions such as, Hizbul-Islam and Salafiya Jadiid (Known as now Damul-Jadiid as many Somalis gly believe) and intensively struggling to take over the leadership in Somalia, the Damul-Jadiid cult which the current president of Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and his close ruling cliques are believed to be the founders. One of the significant strategies of this cult is to pursue political leadership by camouflaging and demonstrating western darling democratic behaviors so as to come to power in order to beat the wit of the western countries and their alliance.

In 2006 late, when Ethiopian troops dismantled the Union of Islamic Courts utter fragmentation surfaced among the UIC, and each Islamic orientation within the dismantled Union of Islamic Courts took independent front against the reinstated TGF fragile government. Ahmed Madobe, the current president of autonomous Jubaland State was previously part of the Union of Islamic Courts but soon after he noted a lot of unholy alliances in the dismantled UIC, which later turned to be a clan-led radical Islamism, he decided to abandon their alliance, both their doctrine and their orientation completely.

Also, the remains of the crushed UIC on the contrary believed that Ahmed Madobe, was originally from Ethiopia, consequently he could not stop maintaining connection with Ethiopia’s intelligence, thus they started isolating him indiscernibly. Ahmed Madobe later organized jubalanders (people from Jubaland) to fight against any form of terrorism. Sheikh Ahmed Madobe, the leader of Ras Kambone forces and current president of Jubaland State, regards terrorism, as “a silly of itself, and the philosophy of the cowards which needs zero tolerance for its existence in anywhere in the global”, thus he mobilized his larger clansmen to get rid of terrorism from Jubaland.

Jubaland as it is seen is geo-politically and economically strategic owing to the potentials of gas and oil deposit, not only that, but has other natural resources such as, huge charcoal availability as well as abundance of livestock productivity that boost major localized market economy of neighboring countries of Somalia i.e. (Ethiopia and Kenya) through informal trade dealings.

The land itself (Jubaland State) is fertile and good for agriculture all this factors combined plays a significant position for attracting local clans and neighboring countries, mainly Kenya. For Kenya, for example, would love to see Jubaland having a g administration that could provide them a “shock absorber zone” that is going to be true solution to the security problems repeatedly seen in its North-Eastern province, and above all to its enduring long-term project of Lamu Port and South Sudan-Ethiopia road and railway network corridor scheme.

Why the Damu Jadiid of Mogadishu government oppose the formation of Jubaland State:

In Somalia, there are three major clans, these include Darood, Digile and Mirifle and Hawiye. In 2000 at the Arte conference in Djibouti a new alliance called “Dir” where separate and genealogically diverse small clans were created and grouped under the umbrella of “Dir”, the Isaaq clan.

That was later placed under Dir alliance which condemned the move and slandered it as a total aggression to dilute their identity. Several Somali people’s view regarding this new alliance as the making of His Excellence President Ismail Omar Gulleh in order to minimize the Darood clan influence in Somalia’s government and increase the Hawiye “stay-in-power” strategy who shares remote geological identity with Dir clan. By the same token, Darood clan intellectuals believed that the reason why President Ismail Omar Gulleh wish to form Dir alliance is that he can easily manipulate Somalia’s affairs if Hawiye and Dir clans alliance are in power, unlike when Darood is in power. In that, the Darood clan is stretched across both Ethiopia and Kenya governments in settlement, thus he (President Ismail Omar Gulleh) believed that, Darood clan will always tilt towards these two governments, and that will minimize his vision of becoming a regional king-maker in Somalia affairs.

Currently, there are numerous states mainly clan based autonomous states in Somalia, for example Somaliland state, Banadir (Mogadishu) State, Hiiraan State, Hubin and Heeb State, Galmudug State. All these are clan-based self proclaimed states and is inhabited by Hawiye and Dir clans. The Darood clan has got only Puntland state previously, so any new state in Somalia (Read Jubaland now) for Darood clan will lead to statistical majority the Hawiye and Dir alliance given the land coverage they occupied which increases Darood numeric influence in the future in the event of having stable government in Somalia and allow them to take political leadership positions.

The Damul Jadiid sect, currently in the leadership of Somalia, see any upcoming additional Darood autonomous state in Somalia will bring Ethiopia and Kenya more closer to Somalia affairs. It is because these two countries took the lead in fighting terrorism in the region (Horn of Africa) and thus, it will terrify Damul Jadiid and squeezes the chance of imposing and practicing their extreme ideologies that already turned Somalia into a boiling pot which made restoring peace in Somalia a tremendous challenge to everyone, this is according to Abdihukun Ali Dubad a Somali veteran politician and a divisive for that matter. He further added that if its rendered g support to the current political leadership in Somali Regional State in Ethiopia will mean building a tougher blockade to the evil wishes of Al-Shabaab terrorist group.

In a nutshell, the Mogadishu government and the current leadership of Damul Jadiid seems to have the mandate within Somalia to form a research institution as an instrument to change political history of Somalia and propagate different version of Somalia’s geography. Secondly to empower the clan both economically and politically so as to remain in power.

Ed.’s Note: The writer is an MBA-IB. The views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of The Reporter.

Source : The Reporter

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